In the medium and long-term periods, climate shocks favoured cooperation among diverse groups of people. Indeed, by enlarging access to political and property rights, elites who had decision-making powers could work with other groups who held the skills and tools to overcome those crises
The building of new homes continues in flood-prone parts of England and Wales, and losses from flooding remain high. A new study, which looked at a recent decade of house building, concluded that a disproportionate number of homes built in struggling or declining neighbourhoods will end up in high flood-risk areas due to climate change.
Brain research and advocacy nonprofit Cohen Veterans Bioscience (CVB) today announced the launch of a National TBI Precision Solutions Research Roadmap, with the advent of the first in a series of publications resulting from its Brain Trauma Blueprint program. The Brain Trauma Blueprint is a framework that enables stakeholder groups across government, academia, foundations, and industry to advance precision diagnostics and treatments for brain trauma through a coordinated effort.
Researchers from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology developed a synthetic framework known as theory-based residual neural network (TB-ResNet) to improve individual decision-making analysis used in travel behaviour research. The research explains that data-driven and theory-driven models, which are generally used as separate methods that are conflicting, are actually highly complementary and can provide valuable insights into urban transportation planning.
New research is shining light on the importance of farmers' markets' ability to mitigate potential disruptions to distribution networks in the face of system shocks like the COVID-19 pandemic.
Researchers at NYU Tandon and Politecnico di Torino in Italy developed a network model to study the effects of mask wearing and social distancing on the spread of airborne diseases like COVID-19. The model shows viral outbreaks can be prevented if at least 60% of a population complies with both measures.
Community newspapers often serve as the public's main source of accurate, local news. They also can be an important way to share the impact of major national events, such as a global pandemic. As the COVID-19 pandemic began spreading throughout the United States, journalism scholars at the University of Missouri and the University of Kansas found that community newspapers across the country began to reevaluate the way they had been doing business for decades.
In a new study, published online today in Cell, researchers have discovered a new way to prevent brain nerve cells from deteriorating after injury, which also revealed a potential mechanistic link between TBI and AD. Their discovery also yielded a new blood biomarker of nerve cell degeneration after injury, which is significant because there is an urgent need for mechanism-based blood biomarkers that can diagnose TBI and stage its severity.
Using an innovative protein-based approach, VA researchers and their academic colleagues have found genes and corresponding proteins that could point the way to new depression treatments.
More than 20 years after the discovery of the parkin gene linked to young-onset Parkinson's disease, researchers at The Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa may have finally figured out how this mysterious gene protects the brain.