Researchers from Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with their colleagues from the Czech Republic have found a method to synthesize cyclic carbonates from atmospheric CO2. Cyclic carbonates are organic compounds, used as electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries, green solvents as well as in pharmaceutical drugs manufacturing. The scientists managed to synthetize carbonates under sunlight and at room temperature, while conventional methods require synthesis under high pressure and temperatures. The research findings are published in Journal of Materials Chemistry A (IF:11,301; Q1).
UVA Engineering and Northwestern scientists combine disciplines to tackle the heat problem inherent in bringing integrated circuits to a much smaller scale: Nanoscale thermal transport meets molecular engineering and a new material is created that could keep chips cool.
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and their partners from Clemson University have discovered a green, low-energy process to break down polystyrene, a type of plastic that is widely used in foam packaging materials, disposable food containers, cutlery, and many other applications.
POSTECH research team accelerates crystal structure prediction of multi-elements random alloy using expandable features.
Pitt's Anna Balazs and colleagues have designed a system of self-oscillating flexible materials that display a distinctive mode of dynamic self-organization. In addition to exhibiting the swarmalator behavior, the component materials mutually adapt their overall shapes as they interact in a fluid-filled chamber. These systems can pave the way for fabricating collaborative, self-regulating soft robotic systems.
When biological material is frozen, cryoprotectants are used to prevent the damage associated with the formation of ice during the freezing process. New polymeric cryoprotectants are emerging, alongside the established cryoprotectants, but how exactly they manage to control ice formation and growth is still largely unknown. This is especially true for PVA, a deceptively simple synthetic polymer that interacts with ice by means of mechanisms that have now been revealed at the atomistic level.
In recent years, researchers have focused on a new type of coordination polymer with unpaired electrons that have extremely useful attributes for the next generation of electronic devices, including in the use of 'spintronics', but which are notoriously unstable or poor-crystalline. Here, a group of scientists from Japan has managed to wrangle them and make them air-stable and highly-crystalline via a novel molecular recipe.
Waste cooking oil, sulfur and wool offcuts have been put to good use by green chemists at Flinders University to produce a sustainable new kind of housing insulation material. The latest environmentally friendly building product from experts at the Flinders Chalker Lab and colleagues at Deakin and Liverpool University, has been described in a new paper published in Chemistry Europe ahead of Global Recycling Day (18 March 2021).
Researchers' computational methods pave the way for next-generation membrane technology for water purification
POSTECH·UNIST joint research team reveals the phase transition and metal ex-solution phenomena to increase the catalytic activity.