Underground pipelines that transport oil and gas are very important engineering communications worldwide. Some of these underground communications are built and operated in earthquake-prone areas. The research shows that current methods used for calculating stress received by the underground pipelines during an earthquake are incorrect.
Optimizing network communication accelerates training in large-scale machine-learning models.
Muons, particles akin to electrons, have kepts physicists' heads spinning for more than a decade, because an experimental measurement of their magnetic properties disagrees with theory. Could this be caused by unknown particles or forces? A new theoretical calculation of this parameter, involving CNRS physicists and published in the journal Nature, has reduced the discrepancy with the experimental measurement. The debate nevertheless continues.
The U.S. and South Korea recorded their first official COVID-19 case on the same day, but there were notable differences in how each country addressed the world's most severe pandemic since 1918. A group of researchers recently conducted a study in which they applied data taken from South Korea's response to COVID-19 to develop a methodological framework for identifying pockets of COVID-19-vulnerable populations through the use of socioeconomic status and epidemiological determinants.
1. Fruit flies use antennae temperature differences of less than one degree to escape hot temperatures 2. Complex decision-making sheds light on ongoing challenges to developing self-driving vehicles 3. Principles learned from drosophila research could guide better, more efficient control systems for autonomous vehicles
A new study from the University of Central Florida suggests that masks and a good ventilation system are more important than social distancing for reducing the airborne spread of COVID-19 in classrooms. The research, published recently in the journal Physics of Fluids, comes at a critical time when schools and universities are considering returning to more in-person classes in the fall.
A new analysis has revealed the stark US$1.28 trillion economic damage caused by the world's invasive species over the past half century -- with a group of global experts warning damage and management costs will soar unless biodiversity agencies can improve prevention and control of biological invasions.
Artificial Intelligence is now capable of generating novel, functionally active proteins, thanks to recently published work by researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. The new results were recently published in the journal Nature Machine Intelligence and represent a breakthrough in the field of synthetic proteins.
With shark bites increasing in countries like Australia - scientists say the use of personal electronic deterrents is an effective way to prevent future deaths and injuries which could save the lives of up to 1063 Australians along the coastline over the next 50 years.
As part of urgent efforts to fight COVID-19, a science is rapidly developing for measuring the number of encounters and the different levels of interaction in a group. At the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), researchers are applying that science to a concept they have created called "encounter metrics." They have developed an encrypted method that can be applied to a device such as your phone to help with the ultimate goal of slowing down or preventing future pandemics.