One of the most comprehensive statistical analyses of drivers of food insecurity across 65 countries has concluded that household income consistently explains more discrepancy in food security than any other factor, including agricultural land resources and production.
Brand asymmetries must be considered when applying cigarette tax hikes and smoke-free restrictions.
The social science literature has long viewed homophily and network-based job recruitment as crucial drivers of segregation. Researchers at Linköping University and ESADE, Ramon Llull University now show that this view must be revised. In their Science Advances article, they call attention to a previously unidentified factor, the Trojan-horse mechanism, which shows that network-based recruitment can reduce rather than increase segregation levels.
While Black, Hispanic, Latino, Indigenous, Asian and Pacific Islander people are more likely to die of COVID-19 than white people nationwide, a recent study from Oregon State University found the risk was even greater for racial and ethnic minority groups living in rural areas compared with urban areas.
Researchers from the Child Mind Institute in collaboration with the National Institutes of mental health have developed and deployed the CoRonavIruS health and Impact Survey (CRISIS), covering key topics related to mental distress during the pandemic. Their findings are now published in the peer reviewed journal Scientific Reports. They describe how pre-pandemic mental health, perceptions of COVID-19 risk, and lifestyle change stressors are associated with negative mental health outcomes during the pandemic.
A new paper in the Review of Economic Studies finds that diseases can change the social networks and affect the economic growth of countries for generations.
A study published this week in The Lancet Public Health examines how we can use our income assistance systems to address drug use and drug-related harm.
A team of researchers from Potsdam and Berlin has identified requirements for a dynamic, long-term carbon price pathway to reduce the demand for CO2 removal technologies and thus effectively limit long-term risks. The approach minimizes governance and sustainability concerns by proposing a market-based and politically feasible approach.
Researchers at the University of Zurich show that increased sensitivity in a specific region of the brain contributes to the development of anxiety and depression in response to real-life stress. Their study establishes an objective neurobiological measure for stress resilience in humans.
By counting pedestrians in the Kendall Square area of Cambridge, Massachusetts, MIT Associate Professor Andres Sevtsuk has produced a new model of pedestrian flows on street networks that can be used for city planning.