The social science literature has long viewed homophily and network-based job recruitment as crucial drivers of segregation. Researchers at Linköping University and ESADE, Ramon Llull University now show that this view must be revised. In their Science Advances article, they call attention to a previously unidentified factor, the Trojan-horse mechanism, which shows that network-based recruitment can reduce rather than increase segregation levels.
A recent study finds US companies that have a substantial number of employees in foreign jurisdictions with lower tax rates are more likely than their peers to "artificially" locate earnings in those jurisdictions - and the Internal Revenue Service is less likely to challenge these complex tax-planning activities.
A recent study finds that unhealthy eating behaviors at night can make people less helpful and more withdrawn the next day at work.
This observational study identifies and quantifies the association of race/ethnicity, sex and income, as well as state-specific lockdown measures, with six well-being dimensions in the United States.
Spain is among the five countries in the world with the highest levels of social acceptance of LGBTIQ+ people and rights, and was the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriages, in 2005. In 2019, 3.1% of marriages were between same-sex couples (INE 2020). In this context, it would seem consistent that sexual orientation should not determine wage inequalities. But is this really so? What is the relationship between sexual orientation and wages?
Researchers studying the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on food production among smallholder bean farmers in 11 countries found multiple food security threats.
This survey study examined the career development, productivity, childcare needs and likelihood of leaving the workforce among employees at an academic medical center during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Released the new report "Science for Disaster Risk Management 2020: acting today, protecting tomorrow", presenting the consequences of disasters on population, economic sectors, critical infrastructures, ecosystem services and cultural heritage. Jaroslav Mysiak, director of the CMCC research division 'Risk assessment and adaptation strategies' participated as Coordinating Lead Author.
The younger generations are willing to put their money where their mouth is when it comes to sustainable living. In a study questioning both commitment to sustainable behaviors and willingness to trade better pay to work for a more sustainable-minded company, the surveyed young adults in Japan made their preferences clear.
For low-literate and low-income consumers, marketplace literacy causes an increase in psychological well-being and consumer and entrepreneurial outcomes related to well-being.