Researchers from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology developed a synthetic framework known as theory-based residual neural network (TB-ResNet) to improve individual decision-making analysis used in travel behaviour research. The research explains that data-driven and theory-driven models, which are generally used as separate methods that are conflicting, are actually highly complementary and can provide valuable insights into urban transportation planning.
His work marks the first new insight for determining sound location in 50 years.The findings were published in Nature Machine Intelligence by Mueller and a former Ph.D. student, lead author Xiaoyan Yin.
In an effort to curb global warming, Purdue University engineers have created the whitest paint yet. Coating buildings with this paint may one day cool them off enough to reduce the need for air conditioning, the researchers say.
Mathematicians and engineers at the University of Utah have teamed up to show how ultrasound waves can organize carbon particles in water into a sort of pattern that never repeats. The results, they say, could result in materials called "quasicrystals" with custom magnetic or electrical properties.
New research shows how to measure the super-short bursts of high-frequency light emitted from free electron lasers (FELs). By using the light-induced ionization itself to create a femtosecond optical shutter, the technique encodes the electric field of the FEL pulse in a visible light pulse so that it can be measured with a standard, slow, visible-light camera.
Slow down. Baby on board. So says UBC Okanagan researcher and Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering Hadi Mohammadi. His new research, conducted in collaboration with Sharif University of Technology, determines that accelerating over speed bumps poses a danger for pregnant women and their fetuses.
Largest range of resins developed by SUTD are tougher and will allow for more robust integration of mechatronic components in 3D printed multi-material structures.
Scientists have identified 200+ non-military ocean hydrophones worldwide and hope to pool their recorded data into a "2020 quiet ocean assessment" and to monitor future ocean soundscapes -- capturing the signals of whales and other marine life while assessing the noise levels of human activity. Combined with other sea life monitoring tools and methods such as animal tagging the work will help reveal the extent to which noise in "the Anthropocene seas" impacts ocean species.
According to a linguistic survey report, people often confuse the pronunciation of /hi/ with that of /si/ in the dialect of Tokyo and the Tohoku region of Japan. A team of researchers at Toyohashi University of Technology and the National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL) found that the confusion is resulted from the articulation of the tongue varying in the transverse direction while the tongue tip is positioned at the same place of articulation.
1. Fruit flies use antennae temperature differences of less than one degree to escape hot temperatures 2. Complex decision-making sheds light on ongoing challenges to developing self-driving vehicles 3. Principles learned from drosophila research could guide better, more efficient control systems for autonomous vehicles