Researchers from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology developed a synthetic framework known as theory-based residual neural network (TB-ResNet) to improve individual decision-making analysis used in travel behaviour research. The research explains that data-driven and theory-driven models, which are generally used as separate methods that are conflicting, are actually highly complementary and can provide valuable insights into urban transportation planning.
New research is shining light on the importance of farmers' markets' ability to mitigate potential disruptions to distribution networks in the face of system shocks like the COVID-19 pandemic.
Researchers at NYU Tandon and Politecnico di Torino in Italy developed a network model to study the effects of mask wearing and social distancing on the spread of airborne diseases like COVID-19. The model shows viral outbreaks can be prevented if at least 60% of a population complies with both measures.
Community newspapers often serve as the public's main source of accurate, local news. They also can be an important way to share the impact of major national events, such as a global pandemic. As the COVID-19 pandemic began spreading throughout the United States, journalism scholars at the University of Missouri and the University of Kansas found that community newspapers across the country began to reevaluate the way they had been doing business for decades.
In a new study, published online today in Cell, researchers have discovered a new way to prevent brain nerve cells from deteriorating after injury, which also revealed a potential mechanistic link between TBI and AD. Their discovery also yielded a new blood biomarker of nerve cell degeneration after injury, which is significant because there is an urgent need for mechanism-based blood biomarkers that can diagnose TBI and stage its severity.
Using an innovative protein-based approach, VA researchers and their academic colleagues have found genes and corresponding proteins that could point the way to new depression treatments.
More than 20 years after the discovery of the parkin gene linked to young-onset Parkinson's disease, researchers at The Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa may have finally figured out how this mysterious gene protects the brain.
The University of Maryland teamed up with local researchers to examine green infrastructure (GI) adoption in Tucson, Arizona, an interesting case study where grassroots efforts have driven policy change in a growing urban area surrounded by water-constrained desert. GI is slowly transitioning from a fringe activity to an important part of how municipalities deal with water and climate change. Tucson provides a peek into the future of GI in the Southwest and the country.
In new research published in the journal Nature, a multi-disciplinary team of researchers at the University of Virginia explain the human tendency to make change through addition.
Starting your day by thinking about what kind of leader you want to be can make you more effective at work, a new study finds.